Mabhatiri eSodium ion anovhura matipi matsva ekuchengetedza simba

Lithium mabhatiri anowanikwa kwose kwose mubasa redu uye muupenyu.Kubva pamidziyo yemagetsi senge nharembozha uye malaptop kuenda kumotokari nyowani dzesimba, lithium-ion mabhatiri anowanikwa mune akawanda mamiriro.Nehukuru hwadzo hudiki, kuita kwakadzikama, uye kugadzikiswa kuri nani, vanobatsira vanhu kushandisa simba rakachena zviri nani.
Mumakore achangopfuura, China yakapinda kumberi kwepasirese mukutsvagisa nekusimudzira tekinoroji, kugadzirira zvinhu, kugadzirwa kwebhatiri uye kushandiswa kwemabhatiri ion ion.
Yakakura yekuchengetedza mukana
Parizvino, electrochemical energy kuchengetedza inomiririrwa ne lithium-ion mabhatiri ari kukurumidza kukura kwayo.Lithium ion mabhatiri ane yakakwirira chaiyo simba, chaiyo simba, kuchaja kubuda zvakanaka, uye kubuda magetsi, uye ane hupenyu hwesevhisi uye kudiki kuzviburitsa, zvichivaita tekinoroji yekuchengetedza simba.Nekuderedzwa kwemitengo yekugadzira, mabhatiri e-lithium-ion ari kuiswa pamwero mukuru mumunda wemagetsi emagetsi ekuchengetedza simba, ane simba rekukura.
Zvinoenderana nedata kubva kuBazi reMaindasitiri neRuzivo rweTekinoroji, hutsva hwakaiswa simba rekuchengetedza simba idzva muChina hwakawedzera ne200% gore negore muna 2022. Mapurojekiti anopfuura mazana maviri emazana megawatt level awana grid yakabatana kushanda, ine lithium bhatiri. Simba rekuchengetedza simba rinoverengera 97% yehuwandu hutsva hwakaiswa huwandu.
“Tekinoroji yekuchengetedza magetsi ndicho chinongedzo chikuru mukudzidzira nekushandisa shanduko yesimba idzva.Mumamiriro ezvinhu eiyo mbiri kabhoni yechinangwa zano, simba idzva rekuchengetedza reChina rakakura nekukurumidza. "Sun Jinhua, nyanzvi yezvidzidzo zveEuropean Academy of Sciences uye purofesa paYunivhesiti yeScience uye Technology yeChina, akataura zvakajeka kuti mamiriro ezvinhu aripo ekuchengetedza simba matsva anotungamirirwa ne "lithium imwe".
Pakati peakawanda emagetsi emagetsi ekuchengetedza tekinoroji, mabhatiri e-lithium-ion atora chinzvimbo chepamusoro mumidziyo yemagetsi inotakurika uye mota nyowani dzesimba, dzichigadzira cheni yakakwana yeindasitiri.Zvisinei, panguva imwecheteyo, kukanganisa kwemabhatiri e-lithium-ion kwakakwezvawo kutarisa.
Kushaikwa kwezviwanikwa ndechimwe chazvo.Nyanzvi dzinoti kubva pakuona kwepasi rose, kugovaniswa kwemidziyo yelithium haina kuenzana zvakanyanya, inosvika 70% yakagoverwa muSouth America, uye zviwanikwa zveLithium zveChina zvinongoverengera 6% yehuwandu hwenyika.
Maitiro ekugadzira simba rekuchengetedza bhatiri tekinoroji isingavimbe nezviwanikwa zvisingawanzo uye ine mutengo wakaderera?Iko kukwidziridzwa kwematekinoroji ekuchengetedza simba matsva anomiririrwa nesodium ion mabhatiri ari kukurumidza.
Zvakafanana nemabhatiri e-lithium-ion, mabhatiri e-sodium ion mabhatiri echipiri anovimba neioni yesodium kuti afambe pakati peakanaka uye asina kunaka emagetsi kuti apedzise kuchaja uye kuburitsa mabasa.Li Jianlin, Munyori Mukuru weEnergy Storage Standards Committee yeChinese Electrotechnical Society, akataura kuti pasi rose, matura e sodium anopfuura nekure eti lithium uye ari kugoverwa zvakanyanya.Mutengo weiyo sodium ion mabhatiri ndeye 30% -40% yakaderera pane iyo ye lithium mabhatiri.Panguva imwecheteyo, mabhatiri e-sodium ion ane kuchengeteka zviri nani uye kuderera-kupisa kushanda, pamwe chete nehupenyu hurefu hwekutenderera, huchiita kuti ive nzira inokosha ye teknolojia yekugadzirisa marwadzo e "imwe lithium inotonga".
Tarisiro yakanaka yeindasitiri
China inokoshesa kutsvagisa nekushandiswa kwemabhatiri e-sodium ion.Muna 2022, China ichasanganisira mabhatiri e-sodium ion muChirongwa cheMakore mashanu eSainzi neTekinoroji Innovation muEnergy Field, ichitsigira tsvakiridzo nekuvandudza matekinoroji ekucheka-kumucheto uye midziyo yetekinoroji yesodium ion mabhatiri.Muna Ndira 2023, Bazi reIndasitiri neRuzivo rweTekinoroji nemamwe madhipatimendi matanhatu vakabatana vakapa Mafungiro Anotungamira paKusimudzira Kuvandudzwa kweEnergy Electronics Indasitiri, vachijekesa kusimbaradzwa kwebudiriro yetekinoroji muindasitiri yemabhatiri ekuchengetedza simba idzva, kutsvagisa uye kubudirira mune zvakakosha. matekinoroji akadai sehupenyu hurefu hwepamusoro uye mabhatiri akachengeteka masisitimu, hukuru-hukuru, hukuru hukuru, uye kuchengetedza kwesimba kwakasimba, uye nekumhanyisa kutsvagisa nekuvandudzwa kwemhando nyowani dzemabhatiri senge sodium ion mabhatiri.
Yu Qingjiao, Secretary General weZhongguancun New Battery Technology Innovation Alliance, akataura kuti 2023 inozivikanwa se "gore rekutanga rekugadzirwa kwakawanda" kwemabhatiri esodium muindasitiri, uye musika weChinese sodium bhatiri uri kuwedzera.Mune ramangwana, mabhatiri e-sodium anozoita simba rekuwedzera kune lithium bhatiri tekinoroji mune akawanda sub sectors senge maviri kana matatu mavhiri emagetsi mota, imba yekuchengetedza simba, indasitiri uye yekutengesa simba rekuchengetedza, uye nyowani simba mota.
Muna Ndira gore rino, mota nyowani yemagetsi yeChinese Jianghuai Yttrium yakaunza mota yekutanga pasi rose yebhatiri.Muna 2023, chizvarwa chekutanga sodium ion bhatiri maseru eCATL akatangwa uye akamhara.Iyo bhatiri sero inogona kubhadhariswa pakamuri tembiricha kwemaminetsi gumi nemashanu, ine bhatiri inodarika 80%.Haisi iyo chete mutengo wakaderera, asi iyo indasitiri chain ichawana yakazvimirira uye inodzoreka kuchaja.
Pakupera kwegore rapfuura, National Energy Administration yakazivisa chirongwa chekuratidzira chekuchengetedza simba idzva.Pakati pemapurojekiti makumi mashanu nenhanhatu, pane mapurojekiti maviri e-sodium ion bhatiri.Mukuona kwaWu Hui, Mutungamiri weChina Battery Industry Research Institute, maitiro ekugadzirwa kwemabhatiri e-sodium ion ari kukura nokukurumidza.Zvinoenderana nekuverenga, panosvika 2030, kudiwa kwepasirese kwekuchengetedza simba kuchasvika kunosvika 1.5 terawatt maawa (TWh), uye mabhatiri esodium ion anotarisirwa kuwana nzvimbo yakakura yemusika."Kubva kune grid level rekuchengetedza simba kusvika kumaindasitiri uye ekutengesa simba rekuchengetedza, uyezve kudzimba uye inotakurika magetsi ekuchengetedza, iyo yese yekuchengetera simba chigadzirwa ichashandisa zvakanyanya sodium magetsi mune ramangwana," akadaro Wu Hui.
Yakareba nzira yekushandisa
Parizvino, mabhatiri e-sodium ion ari kugamuchira kutarisirwa kubva kunyika dzakasiyana-siyana.Iyo Nihon Keizai Shimbun yakambotaura kuti pakazosvika Zvita 2022, mapatent eChina mumunda wesodium ion mabhatiri akaverengera anopfuura makumi mashanu muzana epasi rose anoshanda patents, uye Japan, United States, South Korea neFrance dzakatora yechipiri kusvika yechishanu zvakateerana.Sun Jinhua yakataura kuti pamusoro peChina kukurumidza kukurumidza kubudirira uye hukuru-hukuru hwekushandisa sodium ion bhatiri tekinoroji, nyika zhinji dzeEurope, America neAsia dzakasanganisira mabhatiri e-sodium ion muhurongwa hwekuvandudza mabhatiri ekuchengetedza simba.

 

 

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Nguva yekutumira: Mar-26-2024